What happens when the wine runs out? – Andrew Price

Jesus chose a wedding feast to demonstrate his miraculous power for the first time. This was no co-incidence.  Such a feast points to the perfect culmination of this age when all creation will be gathered to celebrate the wedding of Jesus to his bride, the church.  But on this imperfect occasion, the wine runs out until Jesus, at Mary’s request, steps in and turns water into wine.     

For many years the standard quip of preachers when telling the Cana wedding feast story has been along the lines of “Jesus turned water into wine and theologians have been trying to turn it back ever since”.  And doubtless there is truth there.  But what struck me as I read the passage again is how often we run out of wine but carry on anyway.

I’m sure that at the Cana wedding feast, the lack of wine was quickly noticed – and commented on!  There would have been embarrassment all round. When Mary turns to Jesus and tells him that the wine has run out, she is asking him to do something about it, not bringing it to his attention.  I can’t imagine for a moment that everyone would have agreed to just carry on, pretending that there was plenty left.  They knew the difference between an empty cup and one full of wine.  

“But what struck me as I read the passage again is how often we run out of wine but carry on anyway.”

We can find ourselves doing what we have always done, but without the joy and freshness of the new wine.  The immediacy, the closeness of our walk with Jesus somehow fades but we just carry on. Probably, like the Ephesian church in Revelation chapter 2, the things we carry on doing are good.  Far from backsliding, they were working hard.  But their intoxicating first love had gone, and Jesus commanded them to repent.

At times like this we need Mary’s honesty.  To say it like it is, whatever the consequences.  In Exodus, a whole nation looked to Moses to lead them.  They expected him to guide them all the way to the Promised Land. The pressure of those expectations could have been overwhelming.  But Moses knew that without God’s living presence, there was no point in going even one step further.  And God, angry at the speed at which the people had slipped back into idol worship, was saying that he would not go with them.  So Moses prays, “If your presence does not go with us, do not send us up from here”.  He was prepared to call a halt to this massive migration unless the God who had reawakened his calling at the burning bush was going to be at the heart of it. Imagine if some of the Israelite leaders had overheard his prayer.  “Couldn’t we just carry on?” they might have said, “I mean, what would we do with all these people if we stop here? What would we tell them?”.  Leaders, in particular, can easily feel under pressure to not rock the boat, especially if things seem to be going smoothly.  Sadly it often takes a crisis to bring us to a place where, like Moses, we are not prepared to just carry on without a fresh sense of God’s presence, without new wine.  God answers Moses’ honest prayer with a new revelation of his glory. 

“The immediacy, the closeness of our walk with Jesus somehow fades but we just carry on.” 

Jesus does not immediately agree to remedy the wine shortage.  But Mary will not be put off.  She knows her son.  So she tells the servants at the feast to do whatever Jesus tells them.  Her persistence and her willingness to take practical action turn disaster into triumph.  And have you noticed the part played by the least important people present? It was the servants who filled the massive stone jars with water and then took some of the water to the master of the banquet.  They didn’t ask questions, they did as Jesus asked them.  I doubt they were the most skilled or gifted people at the feast, but they were available and they were obedient.   We can only guess at the taste of wine made by Jesus.  It must have been wonderful.  The master of the banquet was amazed.  The new wine was better than the old!  And there was so much of it; around120 gallons.  From drought to abundance, from empty to overflowing. But it took honesty and willingness to serve.  

This seems to be a hard lesson for us to learn.  As individuals we can fall into ruts we find comfortable, and only later feel trapped in them.  Churches and institutions can have a powerful momentum of their own which resists any change of direction.  Habits and structures can persist long after the life they once served has gone.  Hard work and perseverance, careful planning and skilled management are all good things, but when the wine that celebrates the presence of the bride and groom has run out, they are an empty cup.  

Only Jesus can bring the fresh wine.  We can’t manufacture it.  Our part is to acknowledge our need and be obedient as God speaks.  Like Moses, we must determine not to go any further until we know that God’s presence will be with us.  

In Praise of Workers – Andrew Price

If you have a bible handy, turn to Romans 16:1-15.  I’m almost certain you’ve never heard it preached on.  You may even have skipped over it in order to get to 1 Corinthians.  But hold on, it’s a part of scripture so it’s there for a reason. Paul, dictating the letter to Tertius, is signing off.  Before he does, he takes time to individually mention and affirm some of the people he knows in Rome. What catches my attention is what it is about these people that he affirms most often.  

“I commend to you our sister Phoebe, a servant of the church…for she has been a great help to many people including me.

Greet Priscilla and Aquila, my fellow workers.

Greet Mary, who worked very hard for you.

Greet Urbanus, our fellow worker.

Greet Tryphena and Tryphosa, those women who work hard in the Lord.

Greet my dear friend Persis, another woman who has worked very hard in the Lord”

Now doubtless these people had other gifts.  For instance we learn elsewhere that Priscilla and Aquila were teachers.  Others on Paul’s list may have been prophets, apostles or evangelists. But what Paul is commending is their willingness to serve, to help, and to work hard.  

Worker.  It’s not a glamorous title is it?  At least not to our ears. Maybe if we’d been on the list we’d have preferred to be recognised for our persuasive preaching or our wise leadership.  But what Paul is grateful for, what he wants to commend and encourage is hard work. Remember that minister simply means servant and that to have a ministry is to be called to serve other people.  In the radically different logic of the Kingdom, the last shall be first and the leader is a servant. And what do servants do? They work.  

What Paul is grateful for, what he wants to commend and encourage is hard work.

Without hard work, God given dreams and visions will remain unfulfilled.  The rebuilding of Jerusalem described in the books of Ezra and Nehemiah is a good example of this.  It was God who moved Cyrus King of Persia to support the rebuilding of the Jerusalem temple, and God’s hand was evident as the rebuilding progressed.  But the exiles who returned had to provide the physical labour to turn vision into reality.

As in Romans 16, Chapter 3 of Nehemiah carefully records the names of the workers.  Almost everyone – priests, Levites, goldsmiths, district rulers, temple servants and guards – joined in the work and the few who did not, who “would not put their shoulders to the work”, are mentioned dissaprovingly.  The fact that scripture lists the names of the workers tells us something about what God sees and values. He recognises and remembers the efforts of people who would otherwise be forgotten as well as the kings and princes whose names find their way into the history books. 

God is not impressed by celebrity or status. He sees our hearts and he knows how we have worked. It makes no difference whether or not our work is recognised by those around us, God sees.  

Without hard work, God given dreams and visions will remain unfulfilled. 

The people rebuilding Jerusalem carried on their work in the face of threats and intimidation.  At one stage they had to carry weapons as well as building materials. But they continued until the walls were rebuilt and dedicated to God with great celebration and rejoicing.  They had all played a part, from the least to the greatest, and their names are still there for us to see and be inspired by.

Like the returning exiles, our task is to build.   We’re building families, communities and churches that bring glory to God and a blessing to our neighbours.  We need the impetus of visions and prophecies but we also need the day-by-day choosing to be faithful in prayer, to serve with joy and to use our time and energy wisely.  And most of this choosing is unseen and away from public gaze. What we do on platforms and stages is important, but no more so than what we do in our homes, factories and offices.   

We need the impetus of visions and prophecies but we also need the day-by-day choosing to be faithful in prayer, to serve with joy and to use our time and energy wisely. 

Returning to Romans 16, Paul certainly did not undervalue the gifts of the Spirit.  He tells the Corinthian church to “eagerly desire the greater gifts”. But he was also looking for what we often call character; to be helpful, to be ready to serve, to work hard.  He valued the people who shared his devotion to mission and could be relied on whatever happened. Paul and his fellow workers also understood about grace and works. Paul’s letters celebrate God’s undeserved favour and warn the churches against slipping back into believing that we can in any way earn our salvation. 

So Mary, Urbanus and their colleagues were not driven by guilt or trying to win salvation through their own efforts. Like Paul and the other apostles, they were compelled by love. Their lives had been transformed by the measureless goodness of God and the work Paul commends them for was their grateful response.

So let’s remember to honour character as well as gifting.  The people who follow their calling in good times and bad, whether or not anyone is watching.  The people who are always ready to help, to encourage and to share the load. The workers.  

Do you remember your history? – Andrew Price

“…remember well what the Lord your God did to Pharaoh and to all Egypt.” (Deut.7:18)

A recurring theme in the Old Testament scriptures is God’s people being asked to remember their history.  The prophets repeatedly reminded them of where they had come from and how God had rescued them from slavery.  The plagues inflicted on Egypt, the Passover, and the crossing of the Red Sea were events not to be forgotten.  The prophets also pointed forward towards the day when God would judge all the nations and vindicate his faithful people, leading them into their full inheritance.  The remembrance of God’s past faithfulness and the patient hope in his future judgment were an essential part of being God’s chosen people.  Their history and their hope made them who they were. To forget these things was to become just like any other nation.   Through the years, from the patriarchs to the return from exile, God’s determination to bring Israel into its promised land is both a comfort and a challenge to his people.  Even when Jerusalem has fallen, Judah has been taken into exile and the temple is in ruins, faithful Jews still had a hope of restoration.  Israel’s history is not a sequence of random events, but a relationship played out over centuries.  This ongoing covenant between Israel and their God was a source of hope, identity and purpose.

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For the Church, the New Testament people of God, the same source of hope, identity and purpose is available, but only if, like Israel, we remember where we have come from and the story of God’s rescue plan for us.  We are right to be Jesus focused.  His death and resurrection are events that changed everything.  But they are also events that have a particular background and context and which are leading to something.  To begin to understand their full significance we need to see how the coming of Jesus the Messiah fits into the big story of God ransoming a people and bringing them into their inheritance.  Jesus himself was conscious of this and several times referred to the need for scripture to be fulfilled (e.g. Mark 14:49, Luke 22:37).  As we read through the Gospels we find that many details of the life and ministry of Jesus were prophesied long before, from where he would be born to the words he would speak on the cross.  This is important.  God, in sending Jesus, was not wiping away the history of his previous dealings with mankind.  He was not starting afresh, as if everything that had gone before had somehow failed and should now be forgotten.  Rather, Jesus fits perfectly into this big story.  His coming echoes back to Genesis and the promise of the woman’s seed that will crush the serpent.  His suffering and rejection are graphically described by Isaiah, and David, in Psalm 16, grasps that God will not let his anointed one stay in the grave.  Revelation, which focuses on the end times and the return of Jesus, is rooted in Old Testament prophecy and imagery. Jesus could not have come at just any time, to just any nation and brought about deliverance in any way he wanted. His coming proved, in detail, God’s never-failing faithfulness to his people.

There is a continuity between the Old Testament and the church age that was important to Jesus and his disciples, so we ought to think twice before ignoring it.  In Romans 11, Paul describes gentile Christians as having been grafted on to the same root as the Jews, sharing the same nourishing sap, and there is indeed much nourishment for us in the history and writings of the people of God before the birth of the saviour.  So it saddens me when I encounter Christians who rarely read beyond the New Testament.  They are missing, to borrow Tom Wright’s illustration, act 1 of the drama.  The following acts will not make as much sense, and we will miss much that has profound significance.  Let me give an example. When Paul describes Jesus as our Passover lamb in 1 Corinthians and challenges us to clean out the old leaven, how can we know what he means unless we know about the first Passover? And unless we know this, the significance of the timing of Jesus’ death will also be lost on us, as will John’s Revelation 5 description of him as a lamb looking as though it had been slain.  Another example is the word Christ, which is often just used as if it were Jesus’ surname. It refers to Jesus’ role as Messiah.  But what did Messiah come to do? And what were the Jews expecting, and how does this relate to the kingdom of God? These questions can’t be answered without the Old Testament and the developing story of the people of God.

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A popular view of humanity is that we are the result of some cosmic accident.  We are, many seem to believe, nothing more than a random collision of materials in favourable conditions that eventually led to life as we would recognise it.  There is, in this view, no particular meaning to the existence of our race as it will all end in another random cosmic event.  In the light of this rather bleak outlook, nothing has much significance, as in a million years we would all be forgotten.  Against this, God’s big story tells us that he created us in love, and that even though we repeatedly rejected and disobeyed him, he worked to reconcile us to him and to bring us into a land, a Kingdom where, free from the bondage of sin and death, we will live with him eternally.  He has already put his rescue plan into action and we live in the age where the good news of God’s rescue is spreading all over the world.  We look forward to and pray for the physical return of Jesus and the establishment of the Kingdom of Heaven on earth.  This is the (much abbreviated!) big story.  You might tell it slightly differently but the main elements will be the same; a loving God, a people in bondage, a great deliverance and a journey to a Kingdom where God dwells with his people.  Its climax is in the Messiah, but it draws on the Exodus, the return from exile, and many other Old Testament events.

We are part of this big story.  To accept this is to connect to the central theme of creation and of life itself.  Our hope, our identity and our purpose spring from this reality.  When we forget it, the church has lost that which makes it unique.  To understand the big story we need to immerse ourselves in the words and actions of God throughout the whole of the Bible.  So let’s get reading!